Category: International

This section presents the political system of the Member States of the European Union as it exists until 1 May 2004, the date of enlargement to include ten new members. Thus, each fact sheet, by country, declines in several points the political institutions of our fourteen partners.

July 19, 2018 0

United Kingdom

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Institutions A constitutional monarchy Unlike most other countries, the British Constitution is not a single document: it consists of legislation,…

July 19, 2018 0

sweden

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La Constitution The current Swedish Constitution, which came into force in 1975, confirmed the establishment of a constitutional monarchy with…

July 19, 2018 0

Portugal

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The Portuguese Republic is a “democratic rule of law”. It is based on popular sovereignty, pluralism of expression, democratic political…

July 19, 2018 0

Dutchland

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constitution The Dutch Constitution, adopted in 1815 and revised several times (notably in 1848 and 1983), made the Netherlands a…

July 19, 2018 0

Luxembourg

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The Luxembourg State is a representative democracy, taking the form of a constitutional monarchy. As in many states, the separation…

July 18, 2018 0

Italy

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The current Italian institutions are governed by the Constitution which entered into force on 1 January 1948 and was adopted…

July 18, 2018 0

Ireland

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Ireland Institutions Ireland, a parliamentary republic, has its institutions governed by the Constitution, adopted by plebiscite in 1937 and modifiable…

July 18, 2018 0

Greece

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The Greek Constitution, which was adopted shortly after the abolition of the monarchy in 1975 (by referendum) established a parliamentary…

July 18, 2018 0

Finland

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Institutions The Constitution stipulates that in Finland power belongs to the people represented by the House in session. The Parliament…

May 2, 2018 0

Spain

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Constitution The Spanish Constitution, which was unanimously approved by Parliament and voted by 87% of the citizens in the referendum…