Scholars studying gender and the welfare state have pointed out that many governments have developed two tiers to their benefits. However, these subsidies to those caring for children are a relatively small part of the modern welfare state. Children Literature in a Pluralistic Society Mariela Cuevas ENG/290 June 1, 2012 Dr. Denese Wolff How theoretical models and critical approaches apply to children’s literature. Some thinkers, called radical or cultural feminists, make a different critique. custom paper from our expert writers, Feminism in Literature. When children are reared well, there are broad social benefits, including a lower crime rate, a more productive economy, better informed citizens, and better care for the next generation. How do pesticides disrupt food chains? Because pornography plays a significant role in defining and hurting women, feminists argue that women should be able to claim damages resulting from pornography’s harmful effects. These developments are inherently indebted to the internal critique within feminism made by ‘women of color’ who have been pivotal in raising questions of ‘difference’ around such social axes as class, racism, ethnicity, sexuality, and the problematic of global inequities. , Feminism in Literature & Feminist literary criticism, Feminist Literary Criticism - Download in PDF. (Examples of feminist works with this theme are Held 1993, Keller 1986, Nelson 1996, Starhawk 1987, Tuana 1993.). Feminist theory includes attempts to describe and explain how gender systems work, as well as a consideration of normative or ethical issues, such as whether a society's gender arrangements are fair. They see sexist bias in our notions of what qualities people need to be in important positions, and the values determining which positions are rewarded most. Contesting the valuation of these characteristics over traditionally female characteristics, these feminists ask why patriarchal and liberal views have elevated the spiritual or rational (which they associated with men) over the physical or emotional (which they associate with women)? Paralleling the theoretical work showing a bias in western thought against qualities and activities associated with women, a body of empirical gender research has documented the low value and reward given to activities associated with women. The first wave dealt with suffrage; the second centered on equal access; and the current wave is focusing on global equality. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0080430767039450, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B978145573174900015X, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0080430767039504, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123739858001410, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0080430767039565, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0080430767039954, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B0080430767039619, International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001, International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, Profiling and Serial Crime (Third Edition), Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, & Conflict (Second Edition), Gender Differences in Personality and Social Behavior, Sexual Behavior: Sociological Perspective, Sexual Harassment: Social and Psychological Issues, Sexual Orientation: Biological Influences, Sexual Orientation: Historical and Social Construction, Transsexuality, Transvestism, and Transgender, Gender and Feminist Studies in Political Science. A. Brah, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001. Women in feminist literature are presented as protagonist, who usually does not accept the traditional predetermined roles dictated by society. As exemplified in the following quote, unlike the moralist and liberal theories, the feminist approach focuses on the effects of pornography on attitudes about women and various behaviors toward women, including but by no means limited to physical harms. (Dworkin and MacKinnon, 1988: 33). Our perception of good and bad, of women, and the act of sex between men and women is a product of social relations. Most European nations also provide cash family allowances to all families with children. In: Elaine Showalter (Hg. Feminist Challenges to the Literary Canon. Alicia Jenkins, Wayne Petherick, in Profiling and Serial Crime (Third Edition), 2014. From: International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001, R. Tong, in International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2001.
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