marsilio ficino facts

His thought also was expressed in a collection of letters and in De vita libri tres (1489; “Three Books on Life”), a series of tracts on medicine and astrology. Ficino, in contrast to Cornelius Agrippa, was fortunate in finding such exemplary patrons as the Medici family of Florence. In his most important original writing, the Theologia Platonica (1469-1474), Ficino stressed the perfect compatibility of philosophy and religion, the harmony between Platonic philosophy and Christian revelation. The subsequent history of philosophy reflects them. In his description of the universe, Ficino took from Neoplatonic and medieval sources the conception of a great hierarchy in which each being occupies its place and has its degree of perfection, beginning with God at the top and descending through the orders of the angels and souls, the celestial and elementary spheres, the various species of animals, plants, and minerals, down to qualityless prime matter. He also translated Plotinus, Porphyry, Proclus, Iamblichus, Alcinous, Synesius, Psellus, the "Golden Thoughts" of Pythagoras, and the works of Dionysius the Areopagite. It was only in the 19th century that the difference between neo-Platonism and Platonism was first realized. Ficino died at Careggi on Oct. 1, 1499. Marsilio Ficino, with many hobbies, engaged in the following three major activities. We're not salespeople, but we depend on donations averaging $14.76 and fewer than 1% of readers give. In conceiving the universe as a hierarchy of substances that descends from God to matter, he was strongly influenced by Neoplatonic and medieval views. All rights reserved. On this basis, it becomes clear why Marsilio devotes so much attention to the soul of an individual. This article was originally published as part of The Catholic Encyclopedia. In Ficino's view, ancient philosophy was part of the process of divine revelation and had prepared for the coming of Christ. © Copyright © 2012-2020 Stories People All rights reserved. Marsilio Ficino, (born October 19, 1433, Figline, republic of Florence [Italy]—died October 1, 1499, Careggi, near Florence), Italian philosopher, theologian, and linguist whose translations and commentaries on the writings of Plato and other classical Greek authors generated the Florentine Platonist Renaissance that influenced European thought for two centuries. Marsilio Ficino ( Latin name: Marsilius Ficinus; 19 October 1433 – 1 October 1499) was one of the most influential humanist philosophers of the early Italian Renaissance, an astrologer, a reviver of Neoplatonism who was in touch with every major academic thinker and writer of his day, and the first translator of Plato’s complete extant works into Latin. Ficino, Marsilio The Catholic Encyclopedia. His life work sought to reconcile the philosophy of the ancient world with the Christian religion using various esoteric arts. He also translated Plotinus, Porphyry, Proclus, Iamblichus, Alcinous, Synesius, Psellus, the "Golden Thoughts" of Pythagoras, and the works of Dionysius the Areopagite. If you have already donated, we sincerely thank you. Not only the 17th-century Cambridge Platonists but similar movements in France and Italy reflect Ficino’s original Platonist revival. Of his original writings the Theologia Platonica (1482; “Platonic Theology”), actually a philosophical study of the soul, and the Liber de Christiana religione (1474; “Book on the Christian Religion”) are the most significant. Perhaps his distinctive merit rests on the fact that he introduced Platonic philosophy to Europe. Therefore, by loving God, people become themselves beloved to them. He means by the concept of love the reunion in the god of the carnal, real man with the idea of ​​him. Ficino therefore calls her a knot and a bundle of the world, the face of everything, the mediator of all things, the center of nature. | About Us | How to Cite | Contact Us | Privacy Policy | Advertising Info. He respects Aristotle and calls St. Thomas the "glory of theology"; yet for him Plato is the philosopher. The basis of medical prescriptions at that time was the belief that parts of the human body were subject to the signs of the zodiac, and different temperaments were associated with different planets. He believed, moreover, that it was necessary to develop some kind of a single philosophical and religious concept, to combine the teachings of Plato, the ancient mystic with the Holy Scripture. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. At the behest and with the support of Cosimo de' Medici he rapidly mastered Greek and began an ambitious program of translation: Homer, Hesiod, Proclus, the Corpus Hermeticum, Plotinus, and Plato. As a translator his work was painstaking and falthful, though his acquaintance with Greek and Latin was by no means perfect. FAMpeople is your site which contains biographies of famous people of the past and present. Your gift is tax-deductible as allowed by law. But his sincere and deep faith, and membership of the clergy, put him beyond the reach of gossip, and while praising love for the same sex, he also condemned sodomy in the Convivium.Giovanni Dall’Orto, Socratic love as a disguise for same sex love in the Italian Renaissance, Journal of Homosexuality, 16G. Although his teacher of philosophy at Florence was the celebrated Aristotelian Nicolo di Tignosi da Foligno, Ficino soon turned to Platonism. All materials contained on this site, whether written, audible or visual are the exclusive property of Catholic Online and are protected under U.S. and International copyright laws, © Copyright 2020 Catholic Online. Interesting stories about famous people, biographies, humorous stories, photos and videos. We provide you with news from the entertainment industry. The informal circle of friends who gathered about Ficino at the Medici villa in Careggi to discuss the teachings of the ancient philosophers has been called, somewhat misleadingly, the Platonic Academy. The Divine Logos as a revelation was bestowed upon Zoroaster, Orpheus, and Hermes Trismegistus. They are endless, immaterial, immortal, indivisible. Marsilio in general is a generalized image, a kind of symbol of a humanist-philosopher, in whose worldview various philosophical and religious traditions are mixed. His letters, extending over the years 1474–1494, survive and have been published. Writing in 1492 Ficino proclaimed: "This century, like a golden age, has restored to light the liberal arts, which were almost extinct: grammar, poetry, rhetoric, painting, sculpture, architecture, music … this century appears to have perfected astrology.". Marsilio Ficino’s main original work was his treatise on the immortality of the soul (Theologia Platonica de immortalitate animae). His style is not always clear. He became famous primarily as a translator. He was a priest, a doctor and musician, but is best known for his work as a translator of classic works, author and philosopher. Ficino follows this line of thought in speaking of the human soul, which he considered as the image of the God-head, a part of the great chain of existence coming forth from God and leading back to the same source, giving us at the same time a view of the attributes of God of his relations to the world. Angelo Poliziano was one of his pupils. His style is not always clear. Plato does not stop at immediate causes, but rises to the highest cause, God, in Whom he sees all things. This is where divine love comes in, through which one can come to real life. If all people are reunited in it, they will be able to find the way to the Idea. Ficino became an ardent admirer of Plato and a propagator of Platonism, or rather neo-Platonism, to an unwarranted degree, going so far as to maintain that Plato should be read in the churches, and claiming Socrates and Plato as fore-runners of Christ. They are advised by Ficino to avoid minerals, animals, herbs, plants belonging to Saturn (this planet has a melancholic temperament), to surround themselves with objects relating to Venus, Jupiter and the Sun. Son of the physician of Cosmo de' Medici, he served the Medicis for three generations and received from them a villa at Monte Vecchio. The Council of Florence (1439) brought to the city a number of Greek scholars, and this fact, combined with the founding of the Platonic Academy, of which Ficino was elected president, gave an impetus to the study of Greek and especially to that of Plato. We are not associated with any religion or organization. The documentary "Les mystères du Tarot de Marseille" (Arte, 18 February 2015) claims that the work of Marsilio Ficino can be credited as having inspired imagery specific to the Marseilles. After this, the relay of divine secret knowledge was transferred to Plato and Pythagoras. Marsilio Ficino.

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