Orpheus married Eurydice 5, but she, while strolling through the grass with a group of naiads, was smitten in the ankle by a serpent, which shot its poison into her body and killed her. He moved Hades and Persephone with his lyre. Hades allowed Eurydike to follow him back on the condition that Orpheus must not look back until he and Eurydike have reached the world of the living. The gods advised Orpheus to travel to the Underworld to plead for the return of Eurydice, and he did, playing such sweet music it softened the hearts of Hades and Persephone (the only person to ever do so), who agreed under only one condition; he was to walk in front and not look back until they reached the upper world or she would stay in the Underworld forever. During the journey back Orpheus didn't look back, but when they were close and he barely noticed her presence, he turned and looked back. Orpheus was the most famous musician spoken of in the tales of Greek mythology. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. Unfortunately, before their wedding, Orpheus's brother, Aristaeus loved Eurydike and wanted to marry her. He played the lyre and was said to be able to tame lions and tigers with his music. It was said to be so beautiful, he could charm fish out of the water, summon birds from the skies, lure wild beasts out of the forests and coax trees and rocks into dancing. Orpheus (Ὀρφεύς) was the demigod child of Apollo and Kalliope (a Muse). The Argonautica (Greek: Ἀργοναυτικά) is a Greek epic poem written by Apollonius Rhodius in the 3rd century BC. But always, sleepless cares wasted his spirits as he looked at fresh Kalais."[. He was also temporarily denied access into the Underworld to ensure he was punished for his lies and hubris towards Hades and Persephone. Orpheus was famed for having travelled onboard the Argo, as well as having descended into the Underworld. á½Î½ ÎºÏÎ¬Î½ÎµÎ½ á½ÏÎ¹Î¼ÎÎ´ÏÎ½ ÎÎµá½ºÏ ÏÎ¿Î»ÏÎµÎ½ÏÎ¹ Î²ÎÎ»ÎµÎ¹. Orpheus (left, with lyre) among the Thracians, from an Attic red-figure bell-krater (ca. His father was said to be either Oeagrus, a Thracian king. In his anxiety, before she reached the upper world, he turned back to look at her and she vanished into the Underworld, this time it would be forever. He charmed Kharon and Kerberus. While Orpheus was journeying through the land, playing his sad melody, a band of Maenads, frenzied female followers of Dionysus, saw him. Î½ Ïá¿Î´á¾½ á½ÏÏÎÎ± ÎÎ¿á¿¦ÏÎ±Î¹ á¼Î¸Î±ÏÎ±Î½. He later fell in love with a nymph named Eurydike and married her. She was walking through the long grass when she was bitten by a venomous viper and died. He was one of the Argonauts that sailed on the Argo with Jason. But then she said no. Khiron told Jason that without the aid of Orpheus, the Argonauts would never be able to pass the Sirens—the same Sirens encountered by Odysseus in Homer's epic poem The Odyssey. Orpheus's head washed up on an island called Lesbos and Apollo granted the head with the gift of Prophecy. He was one of the Argonauts that sailed on the Argo with Jason. It was said to be so beautiful, he could charm fish out of the water, summon birds from the skies, lure wild beasts out of the forests and coax trees and rocks into dancing. Orpheus was a talented musician. Roman mosaic depicting Orpheus, wearing a Phrygian cap and surrounded by the beasts charmed by the music of his lyre, Nymphs Listening to the Songs of Orpheus by Charles François Jalabert, https://greekmythology.wikia.org/wiki/Orpheus?oldid=74306. This relief shows Orpheus, holding a lyre, saying farewell to Eurydice who is about to return to Hades. They thought he was a wild animal and tore him limb from limb. According to 3rd century BC Hellenistic elegiac poet Phanokles, Orpheus loved the young Argonaut Kalais, "the son of Boreas, with all his heart, and went often in shaded groves still singing of his desire, nor was his heart at rest. Orpheus took part in this adventure and used his skills to aid his companions. He was a very talented lyre player. Having mourned her to the full in the upper world, Orpheus decided to fetch her, and for that purpose he descended to Hades through the gate of Taenarus. Orpheus is said to be married to Eurydice. The Sirens lived on three small, rocky islands called Sirenum scopuli and sang beautiful songs that enticed sailors to come to them, which resulted in the crashing of their ships into the islands. Orpheus then journeyed down to the Underworld with his lyre.
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